Full List of Windows Terminal Commands

The Command Prompt (CMD) utility built into Windows OS is run with commands. This utility helps you to troubleshoot and fix most issues with the OS. It is quite easy to use if you know the commands and their functions. Basically, there are over 200 Windows terminal commands (yes, the command prompt interface is also called “Terminal”).

Well, most of the commands are for experienced developers that understand the depth of Windows OS. This article lists the most common ones you’re likely to use quite frequently for troubleshooting, file copying, or accessing files over a network. More so, to run these commands successfully, you need to use an admin account on the computer.

The Full List of Windows Terminal Commands

cmd Tips

On a quick note, if you want to view all the CMD commands, launch the CMD terminal, type “help” and press the Enter key. Meanwhile, here are the commands and their function.

AppendOpen files in another directory
ArpDisplay or change entries in the ARP cache
AssocDisplay or change file type
AtSchedule commands
AtmadmDisplay Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) connections
AttribChange file attributes
AuditpolDisplay or change audit policies.
BcdbootCopy boot files to system partition and create new system BCD store
BcdeditView or edit Boot Configuration Data
BdehdcfgPrepare a hard drive for BitLocker Drive Encryption
BitsadminCreate, manage, and monitor jobs
BootcfgBuild, modify, or view the boot.ini file
BootsectConfigure the dows 10 and Windows 8.
CallRun scripts or batch programs from another script
CertreqFor performing different certification authority (CA) certificate functions
CertutilDump and display CA configuration information
ChcpDisplay or configure the active code page number
ChdirDisplay the drive letter and folder you’re currently in
ChecknetisolationFor testing network apps
ChglogonEnables, disables, or drains terminal server session logins
ChgportDisplay and change COM port mappings
ChgusrChange installation mode of terminal servers
ChkdskCheck disk command for troubleshooting hard disk issues
ChkntfsConfigure or display disk drive boot
CipherPrint or changes encryption status for files/folders on NTFS partitions
ClipSend command results to Windows clipboard
ClsClears all previous commands in the terminal
CmdStarts the command prompt terminals
CmdkeyDisplay, create, and remove saved usernames and passwords
CompFor comparing two files
CompactDisplay of edit compression state of files on NTFS partitions
ConvertConvert FAT or FAT32 to the NTFS format
CopyCopy files
CscriptRun scripts via Microsoft Script Host
CttyChange input and output devices
DateShow the date
DebugTo test and edit programs
DefragDefragment a drive
DelDelete files
DeltreeDelete a directory and all files in it
DiantzLosslessly compress file
DirDisplay the directory you’re in
DiskcompCompare floppy disks
DiskcopyCopy floppy disks
DiskpartCreate, manage, and delete partitions
DiskraidManage and configure RAID arrays
DriverqueryDisplay all installed drivers
EchoShow messages from within a script or batch file
EditStart the MS-DOS Editor
EraseFile deletion
ExitClose the CMD terminal
ForcedosStart program in the MS-DOS subsystem
FormatFormat a drive
FtpTransfer files via FTP
GetmacDisplay MAC address of all the network controllers
GpresultDisplay Group Policy settings
GpupdateUpdate Group Policy settings
HostnameName of the current host
HwrcompCompile custom dictionaries for handwriting recognition
HwrregInstall previously compiled dictionaries
IcaclsDisplay or change access control lists of files
IpconfigShow your network IP information
IrftpTransmit files via an infrared link
KtmutilStarts the Kernel Transaction Manager utility
LicensingdiagGenerate text-based log
Loadhigh (LH)Load programs in high memory
LockLock a drive
LogmanCreate and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs
LogoffTerminate a session
MemShows free and used memory info
MkdirCreate a new folder
MountMount Network File System (NFS) network shares
MoveMove files
MsgSend message to a user
NbtstatShow TCP/IP information of a remote PC
NetDisplay network settings and information
NetshStart Network Shell
NfsadminManage servers or clients for NFS
PathDisplay the path of an executable file
PingSends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message
PkgmgrStart Windows Package Manager
PrintPrint texts
QappsrvDisplay Remote Desktop Session Host servers
QbasicStarts QBasic
QprocessDisplay information of running processes
RdpsignSign a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) file
ReagentcConfigure Windows Recovery Environment (RE)
ResetReset sessions
RobocopyRun the robocopy utility
ScConfigure services
SfcSystem File Checker – used to troubleshoot issues with hard drives
ShutdownLog off or shut down a computer
SysteminfoPrint all basic Windows configuration information
TakeownRegain access to files an administrator was denied access to
TasklistShow all ongoing applications, services, and their Process ID (PID)
TimeShow current time
TreeGraphically display folder structures
UmountRemove Network File System (NFS) mounted network shares
VolShow the volume and serial number of a disk
WinmgmtStarts the CLI version of WMI
WinrmStart Windows Remote Management


These are the commonest commands you need to know. They are all executable from the command prompt terminal.

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Ebuka O. Samuel is a technical writer at 3rd Planet Techies Media. He's a tech enthusiast, Android gadgets freak, consumer electronics tweakstar, and a lover of wearable techs.


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